How To Choose A Hunting Rifle

If you love hunting, you need the right rifle for your hunting trip. However, finding the ideal hunting rifle can be challenging, especially if you're new to the sport, as there are numerous sizes and designs of hunting rifles available. If you're not sure about the ideal rifle to purchase, here's a guide for selecting the perfect hunting rifle.

Consider the Rifle's Cartridge

A cartridge is a casing that comprises gunpowder, a primer, and a bullet at its tip. The primer lights the gunpowder, which pushes the bullet down the firearm's barrel. Then, this force propels the bullet toward the target. Ideally, the cartridge remains behind, and you can expel it manually, or the gun expels the cartridge automatically. Manufacturers usually categorize cartridges according to:

  • Caliber: This refers to the bullet's diameter
  • Weight: The weight measurement is in grains. Lighter bullets provide higher accuracy over short distances, while heavier bullets significantly impact distant game targets.

Note that each hunting rifle uses specific cartridges, and you should select an ideal cartridge. Generally, the cartridge should have sufficient power to take down your intended game in one shot. For instance, if you're hunting small animals, consider using small-caliber bullets. In contrast, hunting large animals requires larger bullets, which require a more powerful cartridge. However, understand that powerful cartridges usually experience more recoil, and you should handle the rifle accordingly.

Consider the Rifle Action

A rifle's action expels fired cartridges and facilitates the loading of a new cartridge on the firearm's chamber. Typically, hunting rifles have two types of action:

  • Single-shot: This action allows you to fire the gun only once then place a new cartridge in the rifle. Single-shot hunting rifles increase pressure allowing you to fire an accurate first shot. Examples include break-open and rolling-block hunting rifles.
  • Repeat-shot: This action allows the firearm user to fire bullets repeatedly since the firearm can accommodate more than one cartridge. Repeat-shot hunting rifles for sale are ideal for new hunters as they produce lower pressure. Examples include automatic and bolt-action hunting rifles.

Evaluate the Rifle Materials

Hunting rifles are usually available in different stock and barrel materials. For instance, most rifles have metallic barrels, but these may rust when exposed to excess moisture. Therefore, proper storage of your rifle and regular maintenance are essential to prevent rusting. The common stock materials are fiberglass and wood, which are good options. However, note that wood such as walnut may cost more than other wood choices due to their durability.

Choosing the proper hunting rifles entails considering the rifle action, cartridge type, and rifle material. Consider these factors when you visit a gun shop.